Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

2020 Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming

Judaism and Christianity in Jungian Psychology

  • Richard KradinEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24348-7_358

The Swiss psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung (1875–1961) was a member of Freud’s early psychoanalytical movement. However, he broke with Freud in 1912 over a variety of issues, including the importance of religion in psychological life. Jung viewed the religious impulse as a sui generis psychological activity, and his conception of the unconscious was fundamentally different than Freud’s (see  “Judaism and Christianity in Freudian Psychology”). Unlike Freud, who viewed most unconscious contents as the result of repression, Jung conceived of two strata of unconscious processes. The personal unconscious corresponded roughly with Freud’s conception. But according to Jung, there was also a deeper transpersonal stratum shared by all human minds that he referred to as the collective unconscious. The collective unconscious was the creative mythopoetic center of the psyche. It included the archetypes comparable to the Platonic “ideas” and like the Kantian a priori, served to structure...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Coward, H. (1985). Jung and eastern thought. Albany: University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  2. D’Aquili, E. (1999). The mystic mind. Minneapolis: Fortress.Google Scholar
  3. Jung, C. G. (1967). The collected works of C. G. Jung (trans: Hull, R. F. C.). Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Jung, C. G. (1973). Answer to job. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Maidenbaum, A. (1991). Lingering shadows. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  6. Otto, R. (1958). Idea of the holy. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Palmer, M. (1997). Freud and Jung on religion. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  8. Scholem, G. (1971). The messianic idea in Judaism. New York: Schocken.Google Scholar
  9. Schweitzer, A. (1931). The mysticism of Paul the apostle. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins.Google Scholar
  10. White, V. (1952). God and the unconscious. Dallas: Spring.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departments of Medicine and Psychiatry, Massachusetts General HospitalHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA