Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

2020 Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming

Islamic Psychology

  • Anisah BagasraEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24348-7_200217

Islam and Psychology

Islam has a rich traditional psychology that encompasses the multifaceted nature of human beings including personality, motivation, stress management, health and illness, and social relations (Abu-Raiya 2014; Athar 1993; Haque 2004; Husain 2006). Some scholars prefer the use of the term Islam and psychology (Kaplick and Skinner 2017) to refer to the study of both psychological concepts drawn from Islamic sources, and the study of psychological concepts within the context of Muslim populations, such as Muslims and mental health, religiosity of Muslims, religious coping, and other areas where Islam and Western psychological concepts intersect (see also “ Counseling and Islam”). The predominant focus of Islamic psychology is on the spiritual, psychological, and moral development of an individual, which can only be achieved by understanding the self and the nature of a human being (Al-Attas 1990; Ansari 1992). Thus, traditional Islamic psychology is heavily rooted in...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychological ScienceKennesaw State UniversityKennesawUSA