Mandala in Jungian Depth Psychology and Tibetan Buddhist Tantra
For countless millennia, the mandala has manifested in the religious iconography and cosmological symbolism of an array of diverse cultural traditions (Jung 1972), and in contemporary times it continues to hold an especially exalted place in the tantric practice of Tibetan Buddhism. Since the early twentieth century, in correlation with the pioneering work of Carl Jung, the mandala has also been understood as a fundamental symbol of psychological wholeness, and this primordial image thus serves as a distinctive connecting link through which to explore the overlapping characteristics and sometimes striking similarities between these otherwise disparate spiritual disciplines (Davis 2016).
Although each tradition arose in substantially different cultural, geographical, and historical circumstances, and despite the fact that each espouses distinctly contrasting notions of an ultimate ontological reality (the disparity between the Jungian Selfand the Buddhist no-self being a...
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