Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

2020 Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming

Islamic Care and Counseling

  • El-Sayed El-AswadEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24348-7_200074

This entry tackles a critical topic encompassing such interrelated themes as Islamic counseling, psychotherapy, and Arab/Muslim traditional culture. It endeavors to bring to attention the impact of sanctified and non-sanctified worldviews on the practice of counseling among Muslim communities in various local, national, and transnational contexts.

According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, counseling means “professional guidance of the individual by utilizing psychological methods especially in collecting case history data, using various techniques of the personal interview, and testing interests and aptitudes.”

Islamic care and counseling is fundamentally contingent on theological, ethical, and social principles that are explicitly and implicitly found in the Holy Book (the Qur’an) and the tradition of Prophet Muhammad (Sunnah). Historically, Islamic care and counseling is characterized by both formal or professional and informal practices within both individual and group sessions.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyUnited Arab Emirates UniversityAl-AinUnited Arab Emirates
  2. 2.Bloomfield HillsUSA