Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

2020 Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming

Islamic Care and Counseling

  • El-Sayed El-AswadEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24348-7_200074

This entry tackles a critical topic encompassing such interrelated themes as Islamic counseling, psychotherapy, and Arab/Muslim traditional culture. It endeavors to bring to attention the impact of sanctified and non-sanctified worldviews on the practice of counseling among Muslim communities in various local, national, and transnational contexts.

According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, counseling means “professional guidance of the individual by utilizing psychological methods especially in collecting case history data, using various techniques of the personal interview, and testing interests and aptitudes.”

Islamic care and counseling is fundamentally contingent on theological, ethical, and social principles that are explicitly and implicitly found in the Holy Book (the Qur’an) and the tradition of Prophet Muhammad (Sunnah). Historically, Islamic care and counseling is characterized by both formal or professional and informal practices within both individual and group sessions.


This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Abdullah, S. (2009). Islamic counseling & psychotherapy trends in theory development. http://www.islamicity.org/3549/islamic-counseling-psychotherapy-trends-in-theory-development/
  2. Ahmed, S., & Amer, M. M. (2012). Counseling Muslims: Handbook of mental health issues and interventions. New York: Taylor and Francis Group.Google Scholar
  3. Dwairy, M. (2006). Counseling and psychotherapy with Arabs and Muslims: A culturally sensitive approach. New York: Teachers College Press, Columbia University.Google Scholar
  4. El-Aswad, E. (1990). Al-thaqāfa wa al-tafkīr: ru’yat anthropololojiyyah (culture and thought: An anthropological view). The National Review of Social Sciences, Cairo, 27(3), 71–104.Google Scholar
  5. El-Aswad, E. (2002). Religion and folk cosmology: Scenarios of the visible and invisible in rural Egypt. Westport: Praeger Press.Google Scholar
  6. El-Aswad, E. (2006). Spiritual genealogy: Sufism and saintly places in the Nile Delta. International Journal of Middle East Studies, 38(4), 501–518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. El-Aswad, E. (2010). The perceptibility of the invisible cosmology: Religious rituals and embodied spirituality among the Bahraini Shi‘a. Anthropology of the Middle East, 5(2), 59–76.  https://doi.org/10.3167/ame.2010.050205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. El-Aswad, E. (2012). Muslim worldviews and everyday lives. Lanham: AltaMira Press, Rowman & Littlefield Publisher.Google Scholar
  9. Gilliat-Ray, S., Ali, M., & Pattison, S. (2013). Understanding Muslim chaplaincy. Surrey: Ashgate Publishing.Google Scholar
  10. Giordano, A. L., Prosek, E. A., & Lankford, C. T. (2014). Predicting empathy: The role of religion and spirituality. Journal of Professional Counseling: Practice, Theory and Research, 41(2), 53–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hamjah, S. H., & Akhir, N. S. M. (2014). Islamic approach in counseling. Journal of Religion and Health, 53, 279–289.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-013-9703-4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Isgandarova, N. (2014). The evolution of Islamic spiritual care and counseling in Ontario in the context. Psychology and Psychotherapy, 4, 1000143.  https://doi.org/10.4172/2161-0487.1000143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyUnited Arab Emirates UniversityAl-AinUnited Arab Emirates
  2. 2.Bloomfield HillsUSA