Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

2020 Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming


  • Aditi DirghangiEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24348-7_200054

The world of fantasy in general is believed to be an imagined “other” world created by an individual inside his mind. The individual is also the protagonist in this world who accomplishes all his desires, new situations, possibilities, personal role, or a pattern of behavior in the inner framework of his mental screen. According to the Oxford dictionary, fantasy is a faculty of mind which indulges into an imaginative activity produced for the fulfilment of repressed desires and needs or future possibilities by an individual. The set of perceptions the subject envision are conscious or unconscious wishes, and fantasy acts as a mediator in articulating these images which are improbable in reality. The word fantasy is derived from the Greek word “phantasia,” literally meaning “to make visible” and is also spelled as “phantasy.” Fantasy and phantasy can be used interchangeably but the latter is used more in the psycho-analytic discussions. In one hand, fantasies are referred as the...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Humanities and Social SciencesNational Institute of Technology RourkelaRourkelaIndia