Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

2020 Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming

Biofeedback: An Experience of Resonance

  • Dan HaldemanEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24348-7_200035
  • 1 Downloads

Introduction

One of the main protocols in the rapidly evolving field of Mind-Body Medicine (MBM) is EEG (electroencephalogram) Biofeedback. Biofeedback uses technology to provide a client with needed information about psychological states and physiological states (muscle tension, galvanic skin temperature, and brain waves) in an attempt to mitigate the effects of these physiological/psychological states. This interdisciplinary paradigm was introduced to the US medical community in 1969 as a way of giving humans more control over their physiology and consciousness, making the connecting links between physiology and psychology more apparent and accessible.

Soma/Psyche or Psyche/Soma

The development of Somatic Therapy has been attributed to the German psychiatrist Wilhelm Reich, who in the later stages of the 1800s while treating cancer clients with low voltage electrical currents, discovered that after passing a low voltage current through cancerous tissue to his amazement the cancerous...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Bibliography

  1. Aurobindo, G. (1990). The life divine. Wisconsin: Lotus Press.Google Scholar
  2. Budznsiki, T. H. (1996). Brain brightening: Can neurofeedback improve cognitive process. Biofeedback, 24(2), 14–17.Google Scholar
  3. Cortright, B. (2007). Integral psychology: Yoga, growth, and opening heart. New York: SUNY.Google Scholar
  4. Egner, T., & Gruzelier, J. H. (2004). The temporal dynamics of EEG responses to alpha/theta neurofeedback training in healthy subjects. Journal of Neurotherapy, 8(1), 43–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fehmi, L. G. (2007). Multichannel EEG phase synchrony training and verbally guided attention training for attention disorders. In Handbook of neurofeedback (pp. 301–319). New York: Haworth Medical Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gendlin, E. (1981). Focusing. New York: Bantam Books.Google Scholar
  7. Glucek, B. C., et al. (1975). Biofeedback and meditation in the treatment of psychiatric illness. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 18(4), 303–321.Google Scholar
  8. Gruzelier, J., et al. (2006). Validating the efficiency of neurofeedback for optimizing performance. Progress in Brain Research, 159, 421–431.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hammond, D. C. (2006). What is neurofeedback? Journal of Neurotherapy, 10(4), 25–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kall, R. (1994). Heart, spirit, and human potential section proposed for AAPB. Biofeedback Magazine, 22(2), 30.Google Scholar
  11. Kamiya, J. (1969). Operant control of the EEG alpha rhythm. In C. Tart (Ed.), Altered states of consciousness. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  12. Lowen, A. (1975). Bioenergetics: The revolutionary therapy that uses the language of the body to heal the problems of the mind. New York: Penguin Compass.Google Scholar
  13. Lubar, J. F. (1997). Neocortical dynamics: Implications for understanding the role of neurofeedback and related techniques for the enhancement of attention. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 22(2), 111–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. May, R., Angel, E., & Ellenberger, H. F. (Eds.). (1958). Existence. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  15. McKnight, J. T. (2001). Attention and neurofeedback synchrony training: Clinical results and their significance. Journal of Neruotherapy, 5(1–2), 45–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Monroe, R. A. (1985). Far journeys. New York: Doubleday. monroeinstitute.org.Google Scholar
  17. Norris, S. L., et al. (1998). Performance enhanced training effects on attention. Journal of Neurotherapy, 3(1), 19–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Pelletier, K. R., et al. (1997). Developing a biofeedback model: Alpha EEG feedback as a means to control pain. The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 25, 361–371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Peper, E. (1994). The future of applied psychotherapy. Panel discussion at the Midwestern Regional Conference on Behavioral Medicine and Biofeedback, Grand RapidsGoogle Scholar
  20. Perls, F., Hefferline, R. F., & Goodman, P. (1951). Gestalt therapy: Excitement and growth in the human personality. New York: Julian Press.Google Scholar
  21. Raymond, J., et al. (2005). The effects of biofeedback on personality & mood. Brain Research. Cognitive Brain Research, 23(2–3), 287–292.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Shin, L. M., et al. (2004a). Regional cerebral blood flow in the amygdale and medial pre- frontal cortex during traumatic imagery in male and female Vietnam veterans with PTSD. Archives of General Psychiatry, 61(2), 168–176.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Shin, D. I., et al. (2004b). Neurofeedback training with virtual reality for inattention and impulsiveness. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 7(5), 515–526.Google Scholar
  24. Skinner, B. F. (1948). Superstition in the Pigeon. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 38, 168–172.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sokhadze, T. M., et al. (2007). Integrating cognitive neuroscience and cognitive behavioral treatment with neurofeedback therapy in drug addiction comorbid with PTSD: A conceptual review. Journal of Neurotherapy, 11(2), 13–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Tart, C. T. (1975). States of consciousness. New York: Dutton.Google Scholar
  27. Walker, J. E., et al. (2004). Current status of QEEG and neurofeedback in the treatment for depression. In Handbook of neurofeedback (pp. 341–351). New York: Haworth Medical Press.Google Scholar
  28. Worthington, V. (1982). A history of yoga. London: Routledge, Kegan and Paul.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Integral-Transpersonal PsychologyCalifornia Institute of Integral StudiesSan FranciscoUSA