Encyclopedia of Education and Information Technologies

2020 Edition
| Editors: Arthur Tatnall

E-Books Among Students, Advancements in Higher Education

  • Abdul Mutalib Bin EmbongEmail author
  • Azelin Binti Mohamed Noor
  • Rj Ahmad Iskandar B. Rj Yaacob
  • Nur Arfah Bt Abdul Sabian
  • Mardhiyah e Ridzuan
  • Aizat Akmal Bin A. Mohamad Beddelee
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-10576-1_85

The History of e-Books

Books and the way they are read have not changed much over the past centuries, since the first known manuscript written in the thirteenth century called the Dresden Codex. Unsurprisingly, books began changing in form, access, and content just before entering the millennium in 2000. Since then, books have been transformed into electronic books or e-books, which provide fast, easy, and downloadable reading matter. Digesting written materials in this form can be more convenient and portable.

The e-book was born in 1971 when the idea to save space and digitize books took root, and a digital library called the Gutenberg Project was set up (Lebert 2009). In 1974, the Internet first went live through the Internet Protocol (IP) which was later referred to as Transmission Control Protocol or TCP/IP, introduced by Vinton Cerf and Bob Kahn. The discovery of connecting oriented links and datagram between hosts provided the platform needed for e-books to flourish. Research...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdul Mutalib Bin Embong
    • 1
    Email author
  • Azelin Binti Mohamed Noor
    • 1
  • Rj Ahmad Iskandar B. Rj Yaacob
    • 1
  • Nur Arfah Bt Abdul Sabian
    • 1
  • Mardhiyah e Ridzuan
    • 1
  • Aizat Akmal Bin A. Mohamad Beddelee
    • 2
  1. 1.Universiti Teknologi PETRONASSeri IskandarMalaysia
  2. 2.Civil EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi PETRONASSeri IskandarMalaysia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Don Passey
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Technology Enhanced Learning, Department of Educational ResearchLancaster UniversityLancasterUK