Encyclopedia of Education and Information Technologies

2020 Edition
| Editors: Arthur Tatnall

Adoption of Virtual Laboratories in India, Learning Assessments and Roles of ICT Skill Learning Tools

  • Shyam DiwakarEmail author
  • Krishnashree Achuthan
  • Bipin Nair
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-10576-1_204



In developing countries, literacy is crucial key for socioeconomic growth, and for achieving sustainable development goals, education platforms enabling remote or classroom didactic education must impact millions of students and teachers irrespective of geographic or infrastructure barriers. With the use of ICT in didactic laboratories, over the last three decades, several online educational tools have promoted enhanced learning and teaching experiences across communities of users (Youssef and Dahmani 2008; White 2008). Addressing the challenges of inquiry-based science learning, some of these ICT tools focus on augmenting skill training and supporting lecture courses with easily accessible online tools that can deliver laboratory skills through computer-based interfaces (Chu 1999; Harward et al. 2008; Diwakar et al. 2011; Heradio 2016). Virtual laboratories have also been presented as...

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The work in this chapter derives ideas and inspiration from the Chancellor of Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Sri Mata Amritanandamayi Devi. The work was funded by Virtual Labs Phase I, II and III of Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India and by Embracing The World Research-for-a-cause initiative.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shyam Diwakar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Krishnashree Achuthan
    • 2
  • Bipin Nair
    • 1
  1. 1.Amrita School of BiotechnologyAmrita Vishwa VidyapeethamKollamIndia
  2. 2.Amrita Center for Cyber Security Systems and NetworksAmrita Vishwa VidyapeethamKollamIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Sam Goundar
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Information ManagementVictoria University of Wellington