Computers in Secondary Schools
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Computers in secondary schools have a long tradition, approximately 45 years (Tatnall: Beginnings of Computing in School Education in Australia). A milestone was the presentation of Andrei Ershov “Programming, the second literacy” in 1981 at the third IFIP World Conference on Computers in Education (WCCE) (Ershov 1981). Since then experts of computer science education are discussing which programming languages are appropriate to learn and to teach this “second literacy.” There are five entries in this encyclopedia to enlarge upon this topic: programming and coding, programming languages for secondary schools, Python, Java, and Pascal.
The next step was the development of an own subject for computers in secondary schools. The subject was called “computer science” or “informatics” or “computing.” All international computer societies supported the discussion process to establish curricula for this new...
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- IFIP-TC3 (2017) Book of abstracts, 201 pages. In: 11th IFIP world conference on computers in education (WCCE), Dublin. This publication is available at http://wcce2017.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/WCCE_programme_non_print.pdf
- Margaritis M, Magenheim J, Hubwieser P, Berges M, Ohrndorf L, Schubert S (2015) Development of a competency model for computer science teachers at secondary school level. Global engineering education conference (EDUCON), IEEE, pp 211–220. https://doi.org/10.1109/EDUCON.2015.7095973
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