Encyclopedia of Sustainable Management

Living Edition
| Editors: Samuel Idowu, René Schmidpeter, Nicholas Capaldi, Liangrong Zu, Mara Del Baldo, Rute Abreu

Ecology and Ecosystem: Sustainability

  • Eila JeronenEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02006-4_904-1



The term “ecology” (bioecology; bionomics; environmental biology; economy of nature) is derived from ancient Greek; oikos means “household, house, or place to live” (Smith and Pimm 2007) and logos “speech, word, reason” (Dictionary Merriam-Webster 2018). Ecology is focused on the distribution and abundance of organisms, the interactions among organisms and between organisms and their environment, and structure and function of ecosystems (Begon et al. 2006; Maastik et al. 2004; Schulze et al. 2005). Ecology includes subdisciplines such as autecology, population ecology, chemical ecology, evolutionary ecology, physiological ecology, plant ecology, aquatic ecology, applied ecology, paleoecology, community ecology, ecosystem ecology, landscape ecology, and global ecology. It attempts to synthesize understanding from interactions between organisms (biotic components) and...

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EducationUniversity of OuluOuluFinland
  2. 2.Faculty of Educational SciencesUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.Faculty of EducationUniversity of LaplandRovaniemiFinland

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kristijan Krač

There are no affiliations available