Encyclopedia of Sustainable Management

Living Edition
| Editors: Samuel Idowu, René Schmidpeter, Nicholas Capaldi, Liangrong Zu, Mara Del Baldo, Rute Abreu

Business in the Community Index

Living reference work entry

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02006-4_706-2



The Corporate Responsibility (CR) Index is a voluntary benchmarking tool launched in 2002 by UK Business in the Community (BITC). CR Index follows a systematic approach to managing, measuring, and reporting on business responsible business practices and the impacts on society and the environment.

Brief History

According to Business in the Community (BITC), Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) – also known as Corporate Responsibility (CR) or Corporate Responsibility and Sustainability (CRS) – hints at a voluntary integration of social and environmental concerns into business practice. It’s about being a responsible business, thus taking charge of the impacts on society and the environment. Such a CR conception is embedded in the Corporate Responsibility Index (CR Index), considered as the leading benchmark of responsible business in the UK.

In 1996, BITC launched a “Business in the Environment Index” to...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political Science and International Relations (DEMS)University of PalermoPalermoItaly

Section editors and affiliations

  • Eila Jeronen
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of EducationUniversity of OuluTampereFinland