Encyclopedia of Sustainable Management

Living Edition
| Editors: Samuel Idowu, René Schmidpeter, Nicholas Capaldi, Liangrong Zu, Mara Del Baldo, Rute Abreu

Business in the Community Index

  • Andrea CucciaEmail author
Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02006-4_706-2
  • 5 Downloads

Synonyms

Definition

The Corporate Responsibility (CR) Index is a voluntary benchmarking tool launched in 2002 by UK Business in the Community (BITC). CR Index follows a systematic approach to managing, measuring, and reporting on business responsible business practices and the impacts on society and the environment.

Brief History

According to Business in the Community (BITC), Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) – also known as Corporate Responsibility (CR) or Corporate Responsibility and Sustainability (CRS) – hints at a voluntary integration of social and environmental concerns into business practice. It’s about being a responsible business, thus taking charge of the impacts on society and the environment. Such a CR conception is embedded in the Corporate Responsibility Index (CR Index), considered as the leading benchmark of responsible business in the UK.

In 1996, BITC launched a “Business in the Environment Index” to...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. BITC (Business in the Community). (2012). Corporate Responsibility Index Private Benchmarking. https://www.bitc.org.uk/sites/default/files/bitc_environment_index_private_benchmarking_flyer_2012.pdf. Accessed 1 Feb 2019.
  2. BITC (Business in the Community). (2017). CR Index 2017 Pennon Group PLC. www.pennon-group.co.uk. Accessed 1 Feb 2019.
  3. BITC (Business in the Community). (2018). Onwards and upwards 2017/2018. 2018 Annual Report. https://www.bitc.org.uk/sites/default/files/bitc_annualreport2018.pdf. Accessed 1 Feb 2019.
  4. El-Masry, A., & Kamal, N. (2013). Corporate responsibility index. In S. O. Idowu, N. Capaldi, L. Zu, & A. D. Gupta (Eds.), Encyclopedia of corporate social responsibility (pp. 528–534). Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-28036-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hansen, E., & Spitzeck, H. (2010). Stakeholder governance-an analysis of BITC corporate responsibility index data on stakeholder engagement and governance. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1690600. Accessed 1 Feb 2019.
  6. Hopkins, M. (2005). Measurement of corporate social responsibility. International Journal of Management and Decision Making, 6(3–4), 213–231.  https://doi.org/10.1504/ijmdm.2005.006549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. https://www.bitc.org.uk. Accessed 1 Feb 2019.
  8. Spitzeck, H. (2009). The development of governance structures for corporate responsibility. Corporate Governance: The International Journal of Business in Society, 9(4), 495–505.  https://doi.org/10.1108/14720700910985034.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. UN (United Nations). (2015). Sustainable Development Goals kick off with start of New Year. https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/blog/2015/12/sustainable-development-goals-kick-off-with-start-of-new-year/. Accessed 1 Feb 2019.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political Science and International Relations (DEMS)University of PalermoPalermoItaly

Section editors and affiliations

  • Eila Jeronen
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of EducationUniversity of OuluTampereFinland