Advertisement

Epidemiology of Epilepsies: Overview

  • Anne T. Berg
Reference work entry

Brief Description

Epidemiology is the study of the frequency and causes of health states in the population. The application of epidemiological techniques to the study of epilepsy began with the seminal work of Kurland in the 1950s (Kurland 1959). This early work not only provided the first estimates of the incidence and prevalence of epilepsy but also led to what would later because a highly successful operational definition of epilepsy which has become the standard used is just about all epidemiological studies around the world (Commission on Epidemiology and Prognosis and International League Against Epilepsy 1993).

Practical Issues in Clinical Practice

Diagnosis of epilepsy means adequate and accurate recognition of an epileptic seizure and being able to distinguish epileptic from nonepileptic events. There are repeated accounts of the misdiagnosis of nonepileptic seizures (Pellock 2006), arrhythmogenic heart disorders (Johnson et al. 2009), and other conditions as epilepsy as well...

Keywords

Frequency Count Brain Malformation Neurological Morbidity Delivery Complication High Early Death Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Carpio A (2002) Neurocysticercosis: an update. Lancet 2:751–762CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Commission on Epidemiology and Prognosis, International League Against Epilepsy (1993) Guidelines for epidemiologic studies on epilepsy. Epilepsia 34:592–596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Johnson JN, Hofman N, Haglund CM, Cascino GD, Wilde AAM, Ackerman MJ (2009) Identification of a possible pathogenic link between congenital long QT syndrome and epilepsy. Neurology 72:224–231CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Kurland LT (1959) The incidence and prevalence of convulsive disorders in a small urban community. Epilepsia 1:143–161CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Mpimbaza A, Ndeezi G, Staedke S, Rosenthal PJ, Byarugaba J (2008) Comparison of buccal midazolam with rectal diazepam in the treatment of prolonged seizures in Ugandan children: a randomized clinical trial. Pediatrics 121:e58–64CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Pellock JM (2006) Other nonepileptic paroxysmal disorders. In: Wyllie E, Gupta A, Lachhwani DK (eds) The treatment of epilepsy: principles and practice. Lipincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, pp 631–642Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne T. Berg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology Northern Illinois UniversityDeKalbUSA

Personalised recommendations