Advertisement

Epileptic Seizures: Overview

  • Jerome EngelJr.
Reference work entry

Introduction

Epileptic seizures are the principal signs and symptoms of epilepsy disorders. The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) defines an epileptic seizure as “a transient occurrence of signs and/or symptoms due to abnormal excessive or synchronous neuronal activity of the brain” (Fisher et al. 2005). The 1981 ILAE classification of epileptic seizures (Commission on Classification 1981), although still used, has been under review, and a number of proposals have been made for changes (Engel 2001, 2006; Berg et al. 2010). A more detailed overview of epileptic seizures is presented in the section on definitions and classifications at the beginning of this atlas.

Chapters in This Section

The organization of chapters in this section does not specifically adhere to either the 1981 ILAE classification of epileptic seizures or the changes suggested in more recent ILAE reports. Epileptic seizures are divided here into generalized and focal, although this is recognized as an...

List of abbreviations

ILAE

International league against epilepsy

Notes

Acknowledgment

Original research reported by the author was supported in part by Grants NS-02808, NS-15654, and NS-33310.

References

  1. Berg AT, Berkovic SF, Brodie M, Buchhalter J, Cross JH, van Emde Boas W, Engel J Jr, French J, Glauser TA, Mathern GW, Moshé SL, Nordli D Jr, Plouin P, Scheffer IE (2010) Revised terminology and concepts for organization of the epilepsies: report of the Commission on Classification and Terminology. Epilepsia 51Google Scholar
  2. Commission on Classification and Terminology of the International League Against Epilepsy (1981) Proposal for revised clinical and electroencephalographic classification of epileptic seizures. Epilepsia 22:489–501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Engel J Jr (2001) A proposed diagnostic scheme for people with epileptic seizures and with epilepsy: report of the ILAE Task Force on Classification and Terminology. Epilepsia 42:796–803CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Engel J Jr (2006) Report of the ILAE Classification Core Group. Epilepsia 47:1558–1568CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Fisher RS, van Emde Boas W, Blume W, Elger C, Engel J Jr, Genton P, Lee P (2005) Epileptic seizures and epilepsy. Definitions proposed by the International League against Epilepsy (ILAE) and the International Bureau for Epilepsy (IBE). Epilepsia 46:470–472CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jerome EngelJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Jonathan Sinay Distinguished Professor of Neurology, Neurobiology, and Psychiatry & Biobehavioral Sciences; DirectorUCLA Seizure Disorder CenterLos AngelesUSA

Personalised recommendations