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Genetic Animal Models of Epileptic Seizures

  • Holger Lerche
  • Steven Petrou
Reference work entry

Introduction and Definitions

Animal models provide crucial tools to study the pathophysiology of human brain diseases, since they allow parallel investigations on the molecular, cellular, and systemic levels in a way that is not possible in humans. Since there is a huge amount of animal models with genetic modifications that develop epilepsy, they cannot all be summarized in this chapter. Therefore, “genetic animal models” are considered here only as models for human idiopathic epilepsies. These epilepsies have a major genetic background and are “pure” epilepsies, which do not occur secondary to another disease such as a brain lesion. We differentiate between the following types of models:
  1. 1.

    Spontaneously/naturally occurring animal models resembling the human phenotype. They can be monogenic (with a known mutation), or polygenic.

     
  2. 2.

    Gene-targeted models carrying an engineered mutation in their genome causing epileptic seizures. Depending on the type of genetic modification, these...

Keywords

Absence Epilepsy Seizure Susceptibility Nucleus Reticularis Thalamus Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy Spontaneous Seizure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Holger Lerche
    • 1
  • Steven Petrou
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Neurology and Epileptology, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain ResearchUniversity Hospital TübingenTübingenGermany
  2. 2.Florey Neuroscience Institute, Centre for NeuroscienceUniversity of MelbourneVictoriaAustralia

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