Advertisement

Epidemiology of Epilepsies in Resource-poor Countries

  • Mouhamadou Diagana
  • Devender Bhalla
  • Edgard Ngoungou
  • Pierre-Marie PreuxEmail author

Introduction

Epilepsy is a major and preventable neurological disorder that has been present since ancient times. It is one of the foremost causes of significant public health burden in terms of morbidity, mortality, cost, need of care, and disability. This burden is especially apparent, in general, for developing countries, which characteristically show higher prevalence, frequency, and seizure severity as compared to developed countries. Nearly 80% of the 50 million people with epilepsy worldwide are estimated to live in developing countries. Out of these developing countries, nearly 50 countries are considered “resource poor (REP)” according to World Bank. These REP countries are particularly unique since their health-care delivery system is still in its infancy, making it difficult to meet the ever-growing health-care needs of these populations. These countries also have marked characteristic sociodemographic features, consistent political instability, and wide economic challenges,...

Keywords

Cerebral Malaria Ivory Coast Open Defecation Gross National Product Relate Risk Factor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Burneo JG, Tellez-Zenteno J, Wiebe S (2005) Understanding the burden of epilepsy in Latin America: a systematic review of its prevalence and incidence. Epilepsy Res 66:63–74CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Diop AG, Agbohous OL, Ndiaye M et al. (1996) Prévalence de l’épilepsie en milieu scolaire sénégalais. Communication presented to the 12th Congress of the Pan-African Association of Neurological Sciences, Durban (South Africa), May 19–23Google Scholar
  3. Grunitzky EK, Dumas M, Mbella EM et al. (1991) Les épilepsies au Togo. Epilepsies 3:295–303Google Scholar
  4. Jallon P, Goumaz M, Haengelli C et al. (1997) Incidence of first epileptic seizures in the canton of Geneva, Switzerland. Epilepsia 38:547–552CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Kaiser C, Asaba G, Leishsenring M et al. (1998) Incidence of epilepsy related to onchocerciasis in west Uganda. Epilepsy Res 30:247–251CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Kouadjo Y (1990) Génétique et épilepsie: à propos d’un foyer d’épilepsie observé dans un village ivoirien. Medical Thesis, Abidjan, Cote d’IvoireGoogle Scholar
  7. Kouassi B, Koffi JK, Diarra JA et al. (1988) Prévalence de l’épilepsie en milieu rural ivoirien: étude pilote. Pub Méd Afr 89:25–30Google Scholar
  8. Loiseau P, Guyot M, Dartigues JF et al. (1987) Incidence des crises epileptiques en Gironde. Rev Neurol 143:363–367PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Mac TL, Tran DS, Quet F, Odermatt P, Preux PM, Tan CT (2007) Epidemiology, aetiology, and clinical management of epilepsy in Asia: a systematic review. Lancet Neurol 6(6):533–543CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Ngoungou EB, Quet F, Dubreuil CM et al. (2006) Epidémiologie de l’épilepsie en Afrique Subsaharienne: Revue de la littérature. Epilepsies 18:25–40Google Scholar
  11. Osuntokun BO, Adeuja AO, Nottidge VA et al. (1987) Prevalence of the epilepsies in Nigerian Africans: a community-based study. Epilepsia 28:272–279CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Osuntokun BO, Schoenberg BS, Nottidge VA et al. (1982) Research protocol for measuring the prevalence of neurologic disorders in developing countries, results of pilot study in Nigeria. Neuroepidemiology 1:143–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Preux PM, Druet-Cabanac M (2005) Epidemiology and aetiology of epilepsy in sub-saharian Africa. Lancet Neurol 4:27–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Preux PM, Tiemagni F, Fodzo L, Kandem P et al. (2000) Antiepileptic therapies in the Mifi province in Cameroon. Epilepsia 47:432–439CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Quet F, Odermatt P, Preux PM (2008) Challenges of epidemiological research on epilepsy in resource-poor countries. Neuroepidemiology 30:3–5CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Rajbhandari KC (2004) Epilepsy in Nepal. Can J Neurol Sci 31:257–260PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Rwiza HT, Kilonzo GP, Haule J et al. (1992) Prevalence and incidence of epilepsy in Ulanga, a rural Tanzanian District: a community based study. Epilepsia 33:1051–1056CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Sander JWAS, Shorvon SD (1996) Epidemiology of the epilepsies. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatr 61:433–443CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Tekle-Haimanot R, Forsgren I, Eksted J (1997) Incidence of epilepsy in rural central Ethiopia. Epilepsia 38:541–546CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Tran DS, Odermatt P, Le TO et al. (2006) Prevalence of epilepsy in rural district of central of Lao PDR. Neuroepidemiology 26:199–206CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mouhamadou Diagana
    • 1
  • Devender Bhalla
    • 1
  • Edgard Ngoungou
    • 1
  • Pierre-Marie Preux
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Université de Limoges, IFR 145 GEIST, Institut de Neurologie Tropicale; EA 3174 NeuroEpidémiologie Tropicale et ComparéeFaculté de MédecineLimogesFrance

Personalised recommendations