Definitions and Classifications of Epilepsies: Overview
Epilepsy is a term used for a large number of disorders, all of which share the occurrence of unprovoked epileptic seizures as their defining symptom. The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) embarked on an ambitious effort to classify and catalog the various types of epileptic seizures and to classify the different disorders that lead to such seizures. The last official updates of these efforts were published in 1981 for seizures (Commission on Classification and Terminology of the International League Against Epilepsy 1981) and in 1989 for epilepsy (Commission on Classification and Terminology of the International League Against Epilepsy 1989). Efforts have been underway since to update and revise these classifications (Engel 2001, 2006) although no new classification has yet been accepted. In the spring of 2007, the Monreale workshop addressed some key dichotomies that have been established in the epilepsy vocabulary but which ultimately either needed to be discarded or at...
- Blume WT, Luders HO, Mizrahi E, Tassinari C, van Emde Boas W, Engel J (2005) Glossary of decriptive terminology for ictal semiology. International League Against EpilepsyGoogle Scholar
- Ottman R, Rosenberger L, Bagic A, Kamberakis K, Ritzl EK, Wohlschlager AM, Shamim S, Sato S, Liew C, Gaillard WD, Wiggs E, Berl MM, Reeves-Tyer P, Baker EH, Butman JA, Theodore WH (2008) Altered language processing in autosomal dominant partial epilepsy with auditory features. 10.1212/01.wnl.0000336923.29538.5b. Neurology 71:1973–1980CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Scheffer IE, Bhatia KP, Lopes-Cendes I, Fish DR, Marsden CD, Andermann E, Andermann F, Desbiens R, Keene D, Cendes F, Manson JI, Constantinou JEC, Mclntosh A, Berkovic SF (1995) Autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy: a distinctive clinical disorder. Brain 118:61–73CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar