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Earthquake Faulting: Ground Motions and Deformations

  • Ömer AydanEmail author
Reference work entry
  • 453 Downloads
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)

Glossary

Earthquake fault

The fault which produces an earthquake

Ground motions

The movement of ground induced by earthquakes and they involve displacement, velocity and acceleration of ground

Engineering structures

Structures built by engineers for a given purpose and they generally involve buildings, civil engineering structures such as bridges, tunnels, dams, pylons etc

Damage

physical harm impairing the normal function of a given object

Definition of the Subject and Its Importance

Ground motion characteristics, deformation, and surface breaks of earthquakes depend upon the causative faults. Their effects on the seismic design of engineering structures are not considered in the present codes of design although there are attempts to include in some countries (i.e., the USA, Japan, Taiwan). This chapter describes ground motions and the effect of surface ruptures associated with earthquake faulting on response and stability of engineering structures.

Introduction

Earthquakes are known...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of the Ryukyus, NishiharaOkinawaJapan

Section editors and affiliations

  • James LaMoreaux
    • 1
  1. 1.P.E. LaMoreaux & Associates, Inc.TuscaloosaUSA

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