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Volcanoes of Mexico

  • Nick VarleyEmail author
Reference work entry
  • 454 Downloads
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)

Glossary

Andesite

Magma of intermediate composition of silica, a common product of eruptions from stratovolcanoes.

Basalt

Magma of a low silica composition has a low viscosity and usually is emplaced in lava flows or as scoria.

Dacite

Magma of a composition higher in silica, between andesite and rhyolite.

Debris avalanche

Large collapse event which produces an extensive deposit, often characterized by hummock-shaped hillocks. Occur from most likely all stratovolcanoes, due to their inherent instability.

Holocene

The time period since the end of the last glaciation (11,700 years ago to present).

Lahar

Mudflow with the remobilization of active volcanic pyroclastic deposits. Can be hot if occurring during or soon after the eruption.

Maar

Explosive crater surrounded by a ring-shaped deposit or tuff ring of pyroclasts. Form due to phreatomagmatic interactions, often in basins with extensive aquifers.

Monogenetic field or Distributed volcanism

Region featuring the evolution of cinder cones...

Bibliography

Primary Literature

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Colima Exchange and Research in VolcanologyFaculty of Science, Universidad de ColimaColimaMexico

Section editors and affiliations

  • James LaMoreaux
    • 1
  1. 1.P.E. LaMoreaux & Associates, Inc.TuscaloosaUSA

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