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Construction Planning: Environmental Impact of Foundation Studies and Earthquake Issues

  • Asadullah KaziEmail author
  • Bashir Memon
Reference work entry
  • 455 Downloads
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)

Glossary

Aftershocks

Smaller earthquakes following the largest one (the main shock).

Amplification

Increase in the amplitude of earthquake wave depending on the nature of ground.

Amplitude

The maximum height of a wave crest or depth of a trough.

Attenuation

Decrease in the amplitude of earthquake waves.

Earthquake

The vibration of the Earth caused by the passage of seismic waves.

Epicenter

The point on ground surface directly above the focus (hypocenter) of an earthquake.

Focus

The place at which an earthquake is initiated.

Frequency

Number of vibrations per unit time.

Fundamental period

It is the period of an oscillating structure when subjected to shaking.

Ground motion

Movements of ground caused by the vibrations of earthquake.

Intensity

A measure of ground shaking obtained from damage to man-made structures (Modified Mercalli scale).

Isoseismal map

Contour lines drawn to separate one level of seismic intensity from another for a given earthquake or maximum intensity expected of...

Bibliography

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Isra UniversityHyderabadPakistan
  2. 2.P.E. LaMoreaux & AssociatesTuscaloosaUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • James LaMoreaux
    • 1
  1. 1.P.E. LaMoreaux & Associates, Inc.TuscaloosaUSA

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