Natural Resource Flows and Sustainability in Urban Areas

  • Stefan Anderberg
Reference work entry
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)


Ecological footprint

A measure of the resource consumption of a given unit (e.g., a city and its population) that represents the area of ecologically productive land and water needed for the production and assimilation of wastes generated.

Emergy analysis

Emergy is the amount of energy, usually solar, that is directly or indirectly required to generate a given output flow. Emergy analysis allows analysis of the whole embodied environmental work expressed in a single unit and has been applied to flows in cities and other regions as well as different types of products and production processes.

Urban ecology

Research on urban ecosystems and applications of ecological principles in connection with urban planning.

Urban metabolism

Involves conceptualizing a city as an organism or ecosystem and tracking resources that go into the system and products and wastes that leave it.

Urban mining

Recovery of metals and other valuable materials in urban areas. Studies that have identified...


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Books and Reviews

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefan Anderberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Lund University Centre for Sustainability StudiesLund UniversityLundSweden

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