Groundwater Salinity Due to Urban Growth

  • José Joel Carrillo-RiveraEmail author
  • Samira Ouysse
Reference work entry
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)


Aquifer unit

It is a geological formation, part of a formation, or a number of formations that yield water substantially and with adequate quality for the expected usage


It is often referred to as the drainage basin or watershed where rainfall is gathered with a common discharge outlet; it is considered to have no additional inflow or outflow

Flow systems

They are manifested by the presence of groundwater flows with contrasting hierarchy (local, intermediate, and regional), in which their components may be clearly defined from field evidence in conjunction with modeling of groundwater hydraulics, geochemistry, geomorphology, isotopes, and associated soil and vegetation cover

Groundwater vulnerability to contamination

It is the tendency or likelihood for a contaminant to reach a specified position in the groundwater system after introduction at some location above the uppermost aquifer unit

Hydraulic conductivity

It is the rate of water that is mobilized through a unit...


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Books and Reviews

  1. Cardona A, Carrillo-Rivera JJ, Huizar-Alvarez R, Graniel-Castro E (2004) Salinization in coastal aquifers of arid zones: an example from Santo Domingo, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Environ Geol 45(3):350–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  6. Carrillo-Rivera JJ (2000) Application of the groundwater-balance equation to indicate interbasin and vertical flow in two semi-arid drainage basins, Mexico. Hydrogeol J 8(5):503–520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  8. Carrillo-Rivera JJ (2003) Lack of a conceptual system view of groundwater resources in Mexico, editor’s message. Hydrogeol J 11(5):519–520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Carrillo-Rivera JJ (2004) Congreso conjunto: XXXIII asociación internacional de hidrogeológos y 7° asociación Latinoamericana de hidrología subterránea para el desarrollo, Zacatecas, Zac. Méx. Rev Invest Geogr 55:175–177Google Scholar
  10. Carrillo-Rivera JJ, Adrián Ortega G (2008) Special number of environmental geology. In: XXXIII international hydrogeologic congress on groundwater flow understanding from local to regional scales, vol 55. Springer, Berlin, pp 235–464. ISSN: 0943-0105Google Scholar
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  12. Carrillo-Rivera JJ, Cardona A (2008) Groundwater flow system response in thick aquifer units: theory and practice in Mexico. Selected papers, XXXIII-IAH internacional congress, Zacatecas, México, vol 12. Asociación Internacional de Hidrogeólogos. Editorial Balkema, Taylor & Francis, Leiden, pp 25–46Google Scholar
  13. Carrillo-Rivera JJ, Ortega Guerrero MA (eds) (2008) Groundwater flow understanding: from local to regional scales Selected papers, XXXIII-IAH international congress, Zacatecas, México, vol 12. Asociación Internacional de Hidrogeólogos Editorial Balkema, Taylor & Francis, Leiden, p 186. ISBN-13: 978 0 203 94579 7Google Scholar
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  17. Carrillo-Rivera JJ, Varsányi I, Kovács LÓ, Cardona A (2007) Tracing groundwater flow systems with hydrogeochemistry in contrasting geological environments. Water Air Soil Pollut 184:77–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Carrillo-Rivera JJ, Cardona A, Edmunds WM (2007) Groundwater flow functioning in arid zones with thick volcanic aquifer units: North-Central Mexico. In: international symposium on advances in isotope hydrology and its role in sustainable water resources management (HIS-OIEA) Proc, 21–25 May 2007, vol 1, Vienna, pp 199–211Google Scholar
  19. Facundo-Castillo JR, Carrillo-Rivera JJ, Antigüedad-Auzmendi I, González Hernández P, Leláes-Diaz R, Hernández-Diaz R, Cáceres-Govea D, Hernández-Santana JR, Suárez-Muñoz M, Melán-Rodriguez C, Rodríguez-Piña M (2008) Chemical and geological control of spring water in eastern Guaniguanico mountain range, Pinar del Rio, Cuba. Environ Geol 55(2):247–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  21. Gutiérrez de MacGregor MT, Carrillo-Rivera JJ, Valdez-Quijada R (1997) Impact of Mexican and USA policies in urban growth and natural resources in the northern border of Mexico, vol 15. Latin American Studies, Nihon-Burajiru Chou Kyokai, Tokio, pp 49–62Google Scholar
  22. Huizar-Alvarez R, Hernández-García G, Carrillo-Rivera JJ (2009) Simulation of the effects from the groundwater flow on the hydrological balance of the Tecocomulco lagoon, Central Mexico. Open Environ Sci J 3:1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Huizar-Álvarez R, Hernández GG, Carrillo-Martinez M, Carrillo-Rivera JJ, Hergt T, Ángeles-Serrano G (2003) Geologic structure and groundwater flow in the Pachuca-Zumpango sub-basin, central Mexico. Environ Geol 43:385–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  25. Segovia N, Taméz E, Peña P, Carrillo-Rivera JJ, Acosta E, Armienta MA, Iturbe JL (1999) Groundwater flow system in the valley of Toluca, Mexico: an assay of natural radionuclide specific activities. Appl Radiat Isot 50:589–598CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Van-Lanen AJH, Carrillo-Rivera JJ (1998) Framework for groundwater monitoring in (semi-) arid regions. In: Monitoring for groundwater management in (semi-) arid regions. Studies and reports in hydrology, vol 57. UNESCO, Paris, pp 7–20Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Geografía, UNAM CUCoyoacánMexico
  2. 2.Cadi Ayyad UniversityMarrakechMorocco

Section editors and affiliations

  • James LaMoreaux
    • 1
  1. 1.P.E. LaMoreaux & Associates, Inc.TuscaloosaUSA

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