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Mining and Its Environmental Impacts

  • Jörg Matschullat
  • Jens Gutzmer
Reference work entry
  • 489 Downloads
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)

Glossary

Biota

All life forms.

Decommissioning

Removal of something from active status.

Eco-efficiency analysis

Analysis of realizing the concept of creating goods and services with fewer resources and less waste and pollution.

Exploitation

Act of using something (mineral resources) for any purpose.

Exploration

Process of finding mineral resources for the purpose of mining.

Karst

A geological feature in relatively soluble rocks, e.g., limestone, where sinkholes, caves, and similar hollows are formed above and below ground.

Lithosphere

The outer rocky shell of planet Earth, comprising the oceanic and continental crust and part of the upper Earth mantle.

Long-term effect

A change that will last or have an influence over a long period of time.

Nachhaltigkeit

German for “sustainability,” first used in 1713 in Germany.

Open-pit excavation

Process of extracting minerals from surface deposits.

Recultivation

Making raw mineral soils (brownfields) fertile again through bioengineering and...

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Books and Reviews

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jörg Matschullat
    • 1
  • Jens Gutzmer
    • 1
  1. 1.TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Institute of Mineralogy and Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for Resource TechnologyFreibergGermany

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