Groundwater Impacts of Radioactive Wastes and Associated Environmental Modeling Assessment

  • Rui MaEmail author
  • Chunmiao Zheng
  • Chongxuan Liu
Reference work entry
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)



The process in which a dissolved substance is incorporated into the interior of a solid grain.


The adhesion of a chemical species onto the solid surface.

Contaminant fate and transport

The ultimate state of contaminants and the processes by which the contaminants migrate through the subsurface.


Water that exists in liquid form beneath the land surface, filling the cracks, voids, and pore spaces in earth materials. The subsurface strata that store and transmit groundwater are referred to as aquifers.

Mass transfer

The interaction and exchange of solutes in mobile state with those in immobile state through either physical or chemical processes.

Radioactive waste

A waste product that contains radioactive material. The majority of radioactive waste is “low-level” waste, which has low levels of radioactivity per unit of mass or volume. Depending on the type and nature of radioactive wastes, it could take hours to thousands of years to diminish...


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environmental StudiesChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  2. 2.Department of Geological SciencesUniversity of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA
  3. 3.Southern University of Sciences and TechnologyShenzhengChina
  4. 4.Pacific Northwest National LaboratoryRichlandUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • James LaMoreaux
    • 1
  1. 1.P.E. LaMoreaux & Associates, Inc.TuscaloosaUSA

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