Health System in France

  • Karine ChevreulEmail author
  • Karen Berg Brigham
Reference work entry
Part of the Health Services Research book series (HEALTHSR)


The French Republic is comprised of metropolitan France located in western Europe and a collection of overseas islands and territories on other continents. It is a unitary state with administrative subdivisions: 100 departments (local authorities) embedded in 27 regions. On January 1, 2013, the French population totaled 63.7 million inhabitants in metropolitan France and 2.1 million inhabitants in the overseas territories. France is the second most populous country in the European Union (EU), and over three-quarters of its population lives in urban areas. It has the fifth largest economy in the world. The French political system is a parliamentary democracy with a president and a bicameral parliament consisting of a National Assembly and a Senate. France is a welfare state that developed its social security system after the Second World War with the aim of covering the financial risks associated with getting sick, being injured in the workplace, getting old, and growing families.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Health Economics and Health Services Research UnitURC ECO Ile de FranceParisFrance
  2. 2.University of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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