Health System Typologies

  • Claus WendtEmail author
Reference work entry
Part of the Health Services Research book series (HEALTHSR)


Since the early 1970s, scholars have been working on typologies for the comparison of healthcare systems. Typologies enable scholars to more easily replicate existing studies and contrast findings from a comparative study with those of other studies that cover different years and countries. Typologies might also help to identify institutional indicators that seem to be of particular promise when comparing healthcare systems and reform processes. This contribution provides an overview of health system typologies and can be roughly divided into two areas of research: (1) classifications that focus on modes of governance, actors, and institutions and (2) classifications that try to capture how healthcare is financed, provided, and regulated. This chapter identifies prominent examples of both areas of research and also describes and characterizes types of healthcare systems and country classifications.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of SiegenSiegenGermany

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