Geothermal Energy Utilization
The science of the healing qualities of baths, especially with natural mineral waters; the therapeutic use of natural, warm, or mineral waters.
- Binary power plant
Used with low-temperature resources (below 150 °C or 300 °F) where a secondary low boiling point working fluid (normally a hydrocarbon) is vaporized by the geothermal fluid through a heat exchanger to drive a turbine producing electricity. Also referred to as an organic Rankine cycle (ORC) machine.
A large basin-shaped volcanic depression, circular in form, with a diameter many times greater than the included volcanic vent usually caused by an explosive volcanic eruption that drains the magma chamber resulting in the collapse of a volcano.
The quantity of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram (g) of water by 1 degree centigrade (°C) at 16 °C. It is equal to 4.185 J.
- Cap rock
A comparatively impervious stratum that prevents the circulation of heat or fluid.
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Books and Reviews
- Armstead HCH (1983) Geothermal energy, 2nd edn. E. & F.N. Spon, London, 404 pGoogle Scholar
- Dickson MH, Fanelli M (2003) Geothermal energy utilization and technology. Earthscan, London, 205 pGoogle Scholar
- DiPippo R (2012) Geothermal power plants – principles, applications, case studies and environmental impact, 3rd edn. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 624 pGoogle Scholar
- Kavanaugh SP, Rafferty K (1997) Ground-source heat pumps – design of geothermal systems for commercial and institutional buildings. American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Atlanta, 167 pGoogle Scholar
- Lund JW, Lienau PJ, Lunis BC (1998) Geothermal direct-use engineering and design guidebook, 3rd edn. Geo-Heat Center, Klamath Falls, 454 pGoogle Scholar
- European Geothermal Energy Council, Belgium. www.geothermie.de/egec_geothernet/menu/frameset.htm
- Geothermal Education Office, USA. http://geothermal.marin.org
- Geothermal Energy Association, USA. http://www.geo-energy.org
- Geo-Heat Center, USA. http://geoheat.oit.edu
- Geothermal Resources Council, USA. http://www.geothermal.org
- IEA (International Energy Agency) Heat Pump Center, Netherlands. www.heatpumpcentre.org
- International Geothermal Association. http://www.geothermal-energy.org
- International Ground Source Heat Pump Association, USA. http://www.igshpa.okstate.edu
- Stanford University Geothermal Program. http://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/research/geoth/
- U.S. Department of Energy, Geothermal Technologies. www.eere.energy.gov/geothermal/
- World Geothermal Congress 2010, Indonesia. www.wgc2010.org