Miscellaneous Nonpancreatic Nonendocrine Tumors

  • Heather A. Lillemoe
  • John D. Abad
  • Keith D. Lillemoe
Reference work entry


Nonendocrine, nonpancreatic periampullary tumors are generally classified as arising from the ampulla of Vater, distal common bile duct, or duodenum. The most common clinical finding on presentation is obstructive jaundice. These lesions may occur spontaneously or as part of a hereditary syndrome (familial adenomatous polyposis, Gardner’s syndrome, and inflammatory bowel disease). The most effective diagnostic strategies for determining extent of disease and resectability of periampullary tumors include dual-phase computed tomography and endoscopic ultrasound. Small, benign periampullary lesions may be amenable to endoscopic resection. For benign lesions <3 cm that are unable to be completely removed endoscopically, transduodenal local resection should be considered. Appropriate surgical candidates with larger lesions >3 cm or suspicion of invasive carcinoma should undergo a pancreaticoduodenectomy. Five-year survival for duodenal, ampullary, and distal common bile duct carcinomas are 51–59, 37–39, and 23–27%, respectively. For each of these tumors, both lymph node status and negative margins are significant predictors of outcome. At this point, neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapies have not clearly demonstrated a survival benefit for nonpancreatic periampullary cancers. The future success in treating these cancers likely rests in the development of novel biological and targeted therapies in the setting of well-designed multi-institutional clinical trials. This chapter will focus on benign and malignant nonpancreatic and nonneuroendocrine periampullary tumors and will include the pathology, clinical presentation, diagnostic workup, and management strategies to approach these neoplasms.


Cholangiocarcinoma Bile duct cancer Ampullary adenoma Ampullary cancer Duodenal neoplams 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heather A. Lillemoe
    • 1
  • John D. Abad
    • 2
  • Keith D. Lillemoe
    • 3
  1. 1.Vanderbilt University Medical CenterNashvilleUSA
  2. 2.Feinberg School of MedicineNorthwestern UniversityWarrenvilleUSA
  3. 3.Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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