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Nuclear Energy pp 395-410 | Cite as

Applications of Radioisotopes

  • Robert Bruce Hayes
Reference work entry
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)

Glossary

Background radiation

The radiation given off by natural radioisotopes and cosmic sources.

Detection limits

The smallest amount of radiation which can be discriminated from background radiation.

Dirty bomb

A conventional chemical bomb laced with radioactivity intended to cause mass panic and commercial havoc.

Ionizing

The result of adding or removing charge from a neutral atom.

IND

Improvised nuclear device, an attempt at a nuclear weapon generally assumed to be made by a terrorist organization.

Isotope

An element may have different numbers of neutrons in a given atom, but the element is defined by the number of protons in the nucleus. The different isotopes of an element will all have the same number of protons but different numbers of neutrons.

NORM

Naturally occurring radioactive material, radioisotopes.

Nucleus

The center of an atom containing all the neutrons and protons which constitute the overwhelming majority of the atom’s mass.

Nuclide

A commonly used term synonymous...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Nuclear EngineeringNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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