Ionizing Radiation Detectors
- Alpha particle
A particle emitted during radioactive decay that is comprised of two protons and two neutrons, equivalent to the nucleus of a 4He atom.
- Beta particle
An electron or a positron (the positively charged antimatter twin of an electron) emitted during radioactive decay.
- Electron volt (eV)
A unit of energy measurement defined by the kinetic energy gained by a free electron when accelerated through a potential difference of 1 V; approximately equivalent to 1.602 × 10−19 J.
- Gamma radiation
Highly energetic electromagnetic radiation (energy greater than approximately 100 keV) emitted from the nucleus during radioactive decay.
- Ionizing radiation
Particles or light with sufficient energy to remove an electron from an atom or molecule.
A species of atomic nuclei, defined by the number of protons and neutrons present in the nucleus; nuclides are represented by chemical symbol and atomic mass number. Two examples are 12C (carbon-14, 6 protons and 8 neutrons) and 235U...
- 1.(1967) Nobel lectures, physics 1901–1921. Elsevier Publishing Company, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
- 3.Kantele J (1995) Handbook of nuclear spectroscopy. Academic Press, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
- 4.Knoll GF (2010) Radiation detection and measurement. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 5.Krane KS (1988) Introductory nuclear physics. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 7.Tsoulfanidis N (1995) Measurement and detection of radiation. Taylor & Francis, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar