Nuclear Energy pp 241-250 | Cite as

Radioactive Waste Management: Storage, Transport, and Disposal

  • Audeen W. Fentiman
Reference work entry
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)



Process by which a nucleus splits into two smaller nuclei, emitting two or three neutrons and energy


The time required for half of the nuclei in a sample of a radioactive isotope to emit radiation and be transformed to another isotope

High-level radioactive waste (HLW)

Used nuclear fuel or the highly radioactive materials that are generated when used nuclear fuel is reprocessed

Low-level radioactive waste (LLW)

Radioactive waste that is not high-level radioactive waste, used nuclear fuel, or mill tailings

Transuranic waste (TRU)

Wastes that are not classified as high-level waste and contain more than 100 nCi/g of alpha-emitting transuranic isotopes (Z > 92) with half-lives of more than 20 years

Used nuclear fuel or spent nuclear fuel (SNF)

Terms used to designate nuclear fuel that has been irradiated in a reactor to produce power

Definition of the Subject

Radioactive materials are widely used in our society, and when they are, radioactive wastes can be...


Primary Literature

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Books and Reviews

  1. Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Website (2010). Accessed Mar 2010
  2. Ohio State University Extension (2010) Low-level radioactive waste fact sheets. Accessed Mar 2010
  3. US Department of Energy (2002) Final environmental impact statement for a geologic repository for the disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste at Yucca mountain, Nye County, Nevada. DOE/EIS-0250Google Scholar
  4. US General Accountability Office (2007) Low-level radioactive waste management: approaches used by foreign countries may provide useful lessons for managing US Radioactive Waste. GAO-07-221Google Scholar
  5. US General Accountability Office (2008) Low-level radioactive waste: status of disposal availability in the United States and other countries. GAO-08-813TGoogle Scholar
  6. US Nuclear Regulatory Commission Website, Radioactive Waste (2010). Accessed Mar 2010
  7. Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Website (2010). Accessed Mar 2010

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Nuclear EngineeringPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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