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Nuclear Fission Power Plants

  • Ronald Allen Knief
Reference work entry
Part of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series book series (ESSTS)

Glossary

Blanket

Region surrounding the fuel core of a breeder reactor that contains fertile material to increase production of new fuel.

Brayton cycle

Method used to transfer fission heat energy to gas (e.g., helium or superheated carbon dioxide) for use in a gas turbine to generate electricity.

Breeder

Reactor that produces new fuel from fertile material at a faster rate than it burns fuel for energy production.

Converter

Reactor that produces less new fuel from fertile material than it burns for energy production.

Coolant

Liquid or gaseous medium used to remove fission heat from a reactor core.

Core

Region within a reactor occupied by the nuclear fuel that supports the fission chain reaction.

Critical

Condition where a fission chain reaction is stable with neutron production balancing losses at a nonzero power level.

Electron volt (eV)

1 eV is the kinetic energy obtained by an electron moving across 1 V of electric potential 1 eV = 1.602 × 10−19J. Common multiples are...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sandia National LaboratoriesAlbuquerqueUSA

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