Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Fresh Water Geochemistry, Overview

  • Pedro José DepetrisEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2493-6_969-1

Glossary

Aquifer

An underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures, or porous unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, or silt) from which groundwater can be obtained by means of a water well.

Colloid

A mixture in which one substance of microscopically dispersed insoluble particles is suspended throughout another substance. The dispersed-phase particles have a diameter of approximately between 1 and 1000 nanometers (1 nm = 10−9 m).

Congruent dissolution

A mineral or salt is completely dissolved in water, adding elements to the solvent in the same proportions that existed in the original solid.

Conservative elements

Cl, SO42−, NO3, Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, and K+ are considered conservative in the sense that their concentrations are unaltered by changes in pH, temperature, or pressure, assuming that no precipitation or dissolution of solid phases or biological transformations occur within the ranges normally found near the surface of the Earth.

Denudation

Involves the...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Academia Nacional de CienciasCórdobaArgentina

Section editors and affiliations

  • James LaMoreaux
    • 1
  1. 1.P.E. LaMoreaux & Associates, Inc.TuscaloosaUSA