Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Gas to Liquid Technologies

  • Marianna AsaroEmail author
  • Ronald M. Smith
  • Burtron H. Davis
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2493-6_72-3


Autothermal reforming (ATR)

The reaction of oxygen and carbon dioxide or steam with methane to form synthesis gas, wherein the exothermic partial oxidation of methane provides energy for the endothermic steam reforming of methane. ATR is also used in reference to the autothermal reformer itself.


Barrel of oil equivalent


Also btu, British thermal unit, a measure of energy content


Barrels (of oil)

Catalytic membrane reactor (CMR)

A flow-through reactor used to influence an equilibrium-limited reaction to proceed further in the forward direction via selective transport of reactant(s) or product(s) across the membrane


Catalytic partial oxidation






United States Department of Energy

Fischer-Tropsch reaction

The catalytic conversion of synthesis gas to primarily hydrocarbons, the discovery being credited to Franz Fischer and Hans Tropsch

Gas heated reforming (GHR)

Use of heat available by recycling process gas (tail gas)...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marianna Asaro
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ronald M. Smith
    • 2
  • Burtron H. Davis
    • 3
  1. 1.SRI InternationalMenlo ParkUSA
  2. 2.SRI ConsultingMenlo ParkUSA
  3. 3.Center for Applied Energy ResearchUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA