Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Crop Radiation Capture and Use Efficiency

  • Erik H. Murchie
  • Alexandra Townsend
  • Matthew Reynolds
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2493-6_171-3

Glossary

C3

The C3 pathway of photosynthesis, found in most plant species, e.g., rice, potato, wheat.

C4

The C4 pathway of photosynthesis, found in some tropical species, e.g., maize, sugar cane, sorghum

PAR

Photosynthetically active radiation. Solar radiation in the wavelength region 400–700 nm.

RUE

Radiation use efficiency, the ratio of biomass produced per unit radiation intercepted

Definition of the Subject and Its Importance

The rate of growth (the rate of the accumulation of dry matter) of all plants is entirely dependent on the interception of energy (electromagnetic radiation) from the sun in the wavelength range 400–700 nm, known as photosynthetically active radiation (PAR). This energy is utilized by photosynthesis to synthesize carbohydrates and other biological molecules needed for essential plant processes.

The amount of energy intercepted or captured by the whole plant and community system (the canopy) is determined by the organization of leaves into a 3-dimensional...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erik H. Murchie
    • 1
  • Alexandra Townsend
    • 1
  • Matthew Reynolds
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Plant and Crop Sciences, School of BiosciencesUniversity of NottinghamSutton BoningtonUK
  2. 2.International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT)Mexico D.F.Mexico

Section editors and affiliations

  • Roxana Savin
    • 1
  • Gustavo Slafer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Crop and Forest Sciences and AGROTECNIO, (Center for Research in Agrotechnology)University of LleidaLleidaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Crop and Forest SciencesUniversity of LleidaLleidaSpain