Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Fuel Cell Comparison to Alternate Technologies

  • Julia Kunze-LiebhäuserEmail author
  • Odysseas Paschos
  • Sethu Sundar Pethaiah
  • Ulrich Stimming
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2493-6_157-3



A battery or voltaic cell consists of one or more electrochemical cells which store and convert chemical energy into electric energy.

Electrochemical capacitor

An electrochemical capacitor (supercapacitor, ultracapacitor, or double-layer capacitor) is an electrochemical device that can store and convert energy by charging/discharging the electrochemical double-layer of two electrodes with large surface areas and thus large double layer capacitances.


Electromobility is a mobility concept in which electric vehicles instead of vehicles powered by internal combustion engines are used.

Fuel cell

A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that can convert the chemical energy stored in a given fuel into electrical energy.

Ragone plot

A Ragone plot compares the performances of different energy storing devices by plotting power densities or specific power [W/kg] versus energy densities or specific energy [Wh/kg].

Definition of the Subject and Its Importance


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julia Kunze-Liebhäuser
    • 1
    Email author
  • Odysseas Paschos
    • 2
  • Sethu Sundar Pethaiah
    • 3
  • Ulrich Stimming
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria
  2. 2.BMW AGMunichGermany
  3. 3.Gashubin Engineering Private LimitedSingaporeSingapore
  4. 4.Newcastle University, Chemistry – School of Natural and Environmental SciencesNewcastle upon TyneUK