Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Fuel Cell Systems, Total Cost of Ownership

  • Max WeiEmail author
  • Ahmad Mayyas
  • Tim Lipman
  • Hanna Breunig
  • Roberto Scataglini
  • Shuk Han Chan
  • Joshua Chien
  • David Gosselin
  • Nadir Saggiorato
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2493-6_1020-1


Fuel cell

an electrochemical technology that can produce electricity or heat from a cell or a repeating unit that converts chemical energy from a fuel into electricity.

PEM fuel cell

a type of fuel cell which operates at low temperature (50–100 °C) and has a polymer electrolyte membrane between the cell anode and cathode.

SOFC fuel cell

a type of fuel cell (solid oxide fuel cell) that operates at higher temperatures (500–1000 °C) and which has a solid oxide or ceramic electrolyte.

MEA (membrane electrode assembly) and EEA (electrode electrolyte assembly)

the electrochemical unit cell for PEM and SOFC, respectively, with anode/electrolyte/cathode layer composition specific to each technology.

Fuel cell stack

a collection of unit fuel cells connected in series form a fuel cell stack.

Fuel cell system

a fuel cell stack and associated balance of plant components that together make up an entire system.

Balance of plant

the balance of system components that are needed to form a...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Max Wei
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ahmad Mayyas
    • 2
  • Tim Lipman
    • 2
  • Hanna Breunig
    • 1
  • Roberto Scataglini
    • 1
  • Shuk Han Chan
    • 3
  • Joshua Chien
    • 3
  • David Gosselin
    • 3
  • Nadir Saggiorato
    • 1
  1. 1.Sustainable Energy Systems Group, Energy Analysis and Environmental Impacts Department, Environmental Energy Technologies DivisionLawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Department of Civil Engineering, Transportation Sustainability Research CenterUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Adam Z. Weber
    • 1
  1. 1.Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeleyUSA