Encyclopedia of Database Systems

Living Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Scientific Databases

  • Amarnath Gupta
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-7993-3_1275-2

Definition

Scientific data refers to data that arise from scientific experiments, instruments, analytical tools, and computations. A chemistry experiment, for example, can yield data about the experimental setup, the pressure and temperature conditions under which the experiment was set up, measured variable like the heat released, initial and final masses the ingredients and products of the experiment, and so forth. The output of an instrument like a radio telescope, after running signal processing algorithms, will produce “images” of the radio-frequency sources in a part of the sky that the telescope was looking at. A biologist, after obtaining the image of a dye-filled nerve cell, uses image analysis software to produce a set of measurements that reflect the structure of the cell and its subparts. Recently, environmental sensors are cast in oceans and send real-time data on ocean temperature, salinity, oxygen content, and other parameters. A scientific database refers to an...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.San Diego Supercomputer CenterUniversity of California-San DiegoLa JollaUSA