Encyclopedia of AIDS

Living Edition
| Editors: Thomas J. Hope, Douglas Richman, Mario Stevenson

Microfinance/Microenterprise Approaches to HIV Prevention

  • Rupali J. Limaye
  • Susan G. Sherman
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9610-6_95-1

Definitions

Microcredit:

Described as an approach that consists of providing credit in relatively small loan amounts through a group lending process and compulsory savings.

Microfinance:

Involves the provision of credit along with other financial products (i.e., savings accounts), microinsurance (i.e., health, life, and disability), and/or business development education (i.e., literacy training, marketing, and accounting) offered either directly or indirectly.

Microfinance/Microenterprise Approaches to HIV Prevention

Structural factors affecting HIV risk are widely acknowledged; however, research evaluating structural HIV prevention interventions, such as microenterprise, is sparse. In this chapter, microenterprise is defined, a description of its history and potential for HIV prevention is provided, the effects of several microenterprise HIV prevention studies are described, and lastly, recommendations for future programs and studies are provided.

Microenterprise, Microfinance, and...

Keywords

Saving Account Microfinance Institution Sexual Partner Violence Small Randomized Clinical Trial Child Saving 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of International HealthJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of Health, Behavior & Society, Department of EpidemiologyJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthBaltimoreUSA