Encyclopedia of AIDS

Living Edition
| Editors: Thomas J. Hope, Douglas Richman, Mario Stevenson

Pregnant Women: Care and Treatment

  • Christina Fiske
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9610-6_254-1

Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Women

HIV/AIDS continues to be a major global cause of morbidity and mortality in women. In 2011, more than 50 % of the 34 million people infected with HIV were women (UNAIDS/WHO 2012). HIV/AIDS is the major cause of death in women of childbearing age (ages 15–49) in the developing world. The primary mode of HIV transmission in women in the United States and globally is heterosexual contact. In 2013, there were 24.7 million people living with HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa, the global region that accounts for approximately 70 % of HIV/AIDS cases, and 58 % of those were women. In the United States, women accounted for approximately 24 % of new diagnoses of AIDS in 2012 (Centers for Disease Control 2014), and there were over 270,000 women among the 1.1 million people living with HIV infection and AIDS in the United States as of 2013. With the increase in access to potent antiretroviral therapy (ART) in developing countries, the rates of perinatal infection...


Viral Load Ergot Alkaloid Perinatal Transmission Preexposure Prophylaxis Infant Prophylaxis 
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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Infectious DiseasesVanderbilt University Medical CenterNashvilleUSA