Encyclopedia of AIDS

Living Edition
| Editors: Thomas J. Hope, Douglas Richman, Mario Stevenson

Behavioral Science Highlights of Evidence and Research

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9610-6_227-1


Human behavior relates to HIV/AIDS risk as a sexually, pre-/postnatally, and blood-acquired virus that has been investigated since the recognition of the disease in 1981. The facets of sexual risk factors, mother-to-child transmission, drug injection and blood-borne risk, challenges in HIV prevention, medication adherence, and overall societal impact of HIV/AIDS have been characterized through thousands of observational and experimental studies. Existing scientific evidence details how aspects of poverty, political unrest, social exclusion, gender inequality, human rights violations, stigma, and other societal challenges influence human behavior.


The presence of HIV/AIDS in a community further exacerbates the effects of existing societal challenges often faced in low-resource settings. Contextual factors influence human behavior and must therefore be addressed when fighting the disease (Myer et al. 2004). This includes addressing the micro- (individual),...


Gini Coefficient Male Circumcision Health Inequity Multidimensional Poverty Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Vanderbilt Institute for Global HealthVanderbilt University Medical CenterNashvilleUSA