Encyclopedia of AIDS

Living Edition
| Editors: Thomas J. Hope, Douglas Richman, Mario Stevenson

Surveillance Case Definition

  • Mary Lou Lindegren
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9610-6_170-1

Introduction

Surveillance is the ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of data on cases of disease for use in the planning, implementation, and evaluation of public health practice. HIV/AIDS surveillance data are used to monitor the spread of HIV infection, to target HIV prevention and health-care services, and to allocate funding for HIV prevention and care.

AIDS Surveillance

Since the first cases of AIDS were reported in 1981, population-based AIDS surveillance has been used to track the magnitude of the HIV epidemic. State governments are the legal entities responsible for collection of surveillance data on cases of infectious diseases, including AIDS. By the end of 1983, most of the 50 states had enacted laws making AIDS a reportable public health condition (IOM 1986). State and local health departments collect information on AIDS cases from physicians, hospitals, clinics, laboratory reporting, HIV counseling and testing sites, and medical record reviews in a...

Keywords

Case Definition Antenatal Care Attendee Surveillance Case Definition Medical Monitoring Project Territorial Epidemiologist 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics and the Department of Health PolicyVanderbilt Institute for Global HealthNashvilleUSA