Prevention for People Living with HIV
Prevention for people living with HIV integrates prevention, treatment, medical care, and support to improve and maintain physical, mental, sexual, and reproductive health as well as the well-being of people with HIV; to prolong survival; and to reduce the risk of transmitting HIV and acquiring other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
In the early 1980s, behavioral risk-reduction methods that decreased the risk of HIV exposure during sexual contact, drug use, and pregnancy were the main strategies for reducing HIV transmission and acquisition of new infection. Throughout the first 15 years of the HIV epidemic, prevention efforts primarily focused on changing risk behaviors of persons who were at heightened risk for HIV infection. During this time, there was less emphasis on prevention for persons with HIV as no effective treatment was available. Additionally, there was concern that focusing on transmission prevention for persons with HIV would further stigmatize...
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