Mare Dome (Moon)

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9213-9_405-2

Definition

Low volcanic structures of rounded shape occurring in the lunar mare regions (Head and Gifford 1980).

Category

A type of shield volcano

A type of dome on the Moon

Synonyms

Low shields (Tran et al. 2011)

Description

Small and flat structures, many of which exhibit summit craters (Head and Gifford 1980).

Subtypes

Head and Gifford (1980) introduce a classification scheme for lunar mare domes. They distinguish between three classes of morphologically simple domes resembling shield volcanoes, domes located near mare ridges, domes formed by lava that flowed over rugged highland terrain, elevated highland terrain embayed by mare lava, and morphologically complex volcanic constructs (e.g., in the Marius Hills). Lena et al. (2013*) describe the ranges of morphometric quantities and spectral properties characterizing the different dome types.

Morphometry

Low domes of diameters less than about 20 km with heights below 500 m (Tran et al. 2011; Lena et al. 2013*) and average flank...

Keywords

Shield Volcano Magma Viscosity Mare Region Feeder Dike Dome Form 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Besse S, Sunshine JM, Pieters CM, Petro NE, Staid M, Deepak D, Head JW, Isaacson PJ, M3 Team (2010) New observations of the Marius Hills complex from Moon mineralogy mapper (M3). Lunar Planet Sci XXXXI, abstract #1361Google Scholar
  2. Braden SE, Robinson MS, Tran T, Gengl H, Lawrence SJ, Hawke BR (2010) Morphology of Gruithuisen and Hortensius domes: mare vs nonmare volcanism. LPSC, HoustonGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Image Analysis GroupTU Dortmund UniversityDortmundGermany
  2. 2.Planetary Science Research GroupEötvös Loránd University, Institute of Geography and Earth SciencesBudapestHungary