Volcanic Mountain (Io)

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9213-9_398-1

Category

A type of mountain on Io.

Description

Mountains of volcanic origin include several hundred very low shield-like volcanoes (paterae) and very few steep-sided shield volcanoes and cones (Schenk et al. 2004). Several of the volcanic centers are observed to be active (e.g., Morabito et al. 1979).

Subtypes

  1. (1)
    Steep-sided shield volcanoes (Schenk et al. 2004) with surface slopes greater than 1° (Williams et al. 2011):
     
  2. (2)

    Low shield volcanoes (Schenk et al. 2004), p. 425 paterae (volcano-tectonic depressions) that include several active volcanic centers (Io). Most of these have very shallow slopes of 0.1° and maximum elevations of about 2 km (Williams et al. 2011).

     

Formation, Composition

These are volcanic mountains of presumably silicate or sulfur-rich materials (Williams et al. 2011).

See Also

Keywords

Depression Silicate 
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References

  1. Morabito LA, Synnott SP, Kupferman PN, Collins SA (1979) Discovery of currently active extraterrestrial volcanism. Science 204:972CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Schenk PM, Wilson RR, Davies AG (2004) Shield volcano topography and the rheology of lava flows on Io. Icarus 169:98–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Williams DA, Keszthelyi LP, Crown DA, Yff JA, Jaeger WL, Schenk PM, Geissler PE, Becker TL (2011) Volcanism on Io: new insights from global geologic mapping. Icarus 214:91–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Planetary Science Research GroupEötvös Loránd University, Institute of Geography and Earth SciencesBudapestHungary