Encyclopedia of Medical Immunology

Living Edition
| Editors: Ian MacKay, Noel R. Rose

Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome

  • Herberto Jose Chong-Neto
  • Debora Carla Chong-Silva
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9209-2_147-1

Definition

Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is an autosomal recessive disorder associated with bone marrow failure and an increased risk of developing myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

SDS is characterized by multiple developmental anomalies including poor growth, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, skeletal abnormalities (metaphyseal chondrodysplasia, rib cage dysplasia and osteopenia), and cognitive impairment.

Introduction

It is first described as “congenital lipomatosis of the pancreas” in 1961 in two children with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and leukopenia. SDS was named after the US physician Harry Shwachman, the British ophthalmologist Martin Bodian, and the American pediatrician Louis Diamond reported the syndrome in 1964 (Warren 2017).

SDS is a rare disease with estimated prevalence of 1 in 77,000 births; registry data indicate that the phenotypic spectrum is broad. Since the recognition of SDS as a distinct clinical entity in 1961, there...

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References

  1. Isaev AA, Deev RV, Kuliev A, et al. First experience of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation treatment of Shwachman-Diamond syndrome using unaffected HLA-matched sibling donor produced through preimplantation HLA typing. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2017;52:1249–52.Google Scholar
  2. Myers K, Davies SM, Shimamura A. Clinical and molecular pathophysiology of Shwachman-Diamond syndrome: an update. Hematol Oncol Clin N Am. 2013;27:117–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Valli R, De Paoli E, Nacci L, et al. Novel recurrent chromosome anomalies in Shwachman-Diamond syndrome. Pediatr Blood Câncer. 2017;64(8):e26454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Venet T, Masson E, Talbotec C, et al. Severe infantile isolated exocrine pancreatic insufficiency caused by the complete functional loss of the SPINK1 gene. Hum Mutat. 2017;38:1660. [Epub ahead of print]CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Warren AJ. Molecular basis of the human ribosomopathy Shwachman-Diamond syndrome. Adv Biol Regul. 2017;67:109–27. [Epub ahead of print]Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herberto Jose Chong-Neto
    • 1
  • Debora Carla Chong-Silva
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of PediatricsFederal University of ParanáCuritibaBrazil

Section editors and affiliations

  • Antonio Condino-Neto
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Biomedical SciencesUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrasil