Encyclopedia of Medical Immunology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Ian R. Mackay, Noel R. Rose, Dennis K. Ledford, Richard F. Lockey

Gold Contact Dermatitis

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9194-1_427

Synonyms

Adverse reactions to gold; Cutaneous reactions to gold; Eczematous contact sensitivity to gold; Eczematous contact with gold

Definition

Gold contact dermatitis may be defined as an irritant or allergic inflammatory reaction of the skin to gold.

Introduction

Gold (Au) has been regarded as a relatively safe and inert material when in contact with the skin and mucosal membranes. Despite its extensive use, allergic contact dermatitis and stomatitis rarely occur.

Skin and mucosal exposure to gold happens as a result of contact with items made of pure metal, metal salts, alloys, and other compounds. However, to act as a hapten, gold must be ionized. The presence of dental gold and sensitization is statistically correlated (Möller 2010). Other sources, such as ear piercings and gold-plated cardiac stents, have also been shown to be a risk factor for gold hypersensitivity (Schalock et al. 2012).

Sources of Gold Exposure

The advantage of gold is derived from a variety of special...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Unidad de AlergologíaComplexo Hospitalario Universitario de FerrolFerrolSpain
  2. 2.Sección de AlergologíaComplexo Hospitalario Universitario A CoruñaA CoruñaSpain