Blood Bank Screening
Blood bank screening is the process of evaluating donated blood/blood components to ensure that the blood/blood component obtained is free of any transmissible pathogen. Screening usually involves a combination of an interview-based donor selection process and a series of laboratory-based testing of blood.
Blood transfusion safety is an important public health concern worldwide. The deferral of blood donors who are found to have positive screening tests for transfusion-transmitted infections has contributed immensely to the availability of safe blood. Currently, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that as a minimum, blood should be screened for HIV, hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), and syphilis (World Health Organisation 2010b). Unfortunately even this minimum recommendation is not fully carried out in some developing countries so blood safety remains an important issue (Tagny et al. 2008).
KeywordsHepatitis Lactate Malaria Malaria Parasite Nigeria
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