Aid to Enteral Feeding in Critical Care: Algorithm

  • Anneli Reeves
  • Caroline Kiss
  • Hayden White
  • Kellie Sosnowski
  • Christine Josephson
Living reference work entry


Algorithms originated in mathematics and form the basis of computer science. They have applications across a wide range of fields including health care. Critical care units have embraced use of algorithms due to the need to make rapid decisions using a large and disparate array of information. Feeding algorithms used in critical care are also referred to as nutrition support protocols. Their use has been demonstrated to improve nutritional intake as well as improving primary outcomes such as mortality and length of stay.

Earlier forms of nutrition support protocols relate to feeding processes such as initiation of feeding, feeding mode, and feeding intolerance. Later, feeding algorithms have incorporated selection of enteral feed and target feeding rate. It is essential that these algorithms are updated in line with evidence-based guidelines. Increasing use of algorithms and computerization will improve the accuracy of data collection and interpretations made from emerging research.


Enteral Nutrition Nutrition Support Enteral Feeding Guideline Adherence Actual Body Weight 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations


Actual Body Weight


Adjusted Body Weight


Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Clinical Trials Group


American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition


Body Mass Index


Body Weight


Canadian Critical Care Practice Guidelines


Enteral Nutrition


European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition


Glomerular Filtration Rate


Gastric Residual Volume


Ideal Body Weight


Intensive Care Unit


Parenteral Nutrition


Society of Critical Care Medicine


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anneli Reeves
    • 1
  • Caroline Kiss
    • 2
  • Hayden White
    • 3
  • Kellie Sosnowski
    • 4
  • Christine Josephson
    • 4
  1. 1.Nutrition and Dietetic DepartmentLogan HospitalMeadowbrookAustralia
  2. 2.Nutrition and Dietetic DepartmentUniversity Hospital BaselBaselSwitzerland
  3. 3.Intensive CareLogan HospitalMeadowbrookAustralia
  4. 4.Nutrition and Dietetic DepartmentLogan HospitalMeadowbrookAustralia

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