Aid to Enteral Feeding in Critical Care: Algorithm

  • Anneli Reeves
  • Caroline Kiss
  • Hayden White
  • Kellie Sosnowski
  • Christine Josephson
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Algorithms originated in mathematics and form the basis of computer science. They have applications across a wide range of fields including health care. Critical care units have embraced use of algorithms due to the need to make rapid decisions using a large and disparate array of information. Feeding algorithms used in critical care are also referred to as nutrition support protocols. Their use has been demonstrated to improve nutritional intake as well as improving primary outcomes such as mortality and length of stay.

Earlier forms of nutrition support protocols relate to feeding processes such as initiation of feeding, feeding mode, and feeding intolerance. Later, feeding algorithms have incorporated selection of enteral feed and target feeding rate. It is essential that these algorithms are updated in line with evidence-based guidelines. Increasing use of algorithms and computerization will improve the accuracy of data collection and interpretations made from emerging research.

Keywords

Sugar Obesity Magnesium Urea Carbohydrate 

List of Abbreviations

ABW

Actual Body Weight

AdjBW

Adjusted Body Weight

ANZICS CTG

Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Clinical Trials Group

ASPEN

American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

BMI

Body Mass Index

BW

Body Weight

CCPG

Canadian Critical Care Practice Guidelines

EN

Enteral Nutrition

ESPEN

European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

GFR

Glomerular Filtration Rate

GRV

Gastric Residual Volume

IBW

Ideal Body Weight

ICU

Intensive Care Unit

PN

Parenteral Nutrition

SCCM

Society of Critical Care Medicine

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anneli Reeves
    • 1
  • Caroline Kiss
    • 2
  • Hayden White
    • 3
  • Kellie Sosnowski
    • 4
  • Christine Josephson
    • 4
  1. 1.Nutrition and Dietetic DepartmentLogan HospitalMeadowbrookAustralia
  2. 2.Nutrition and Dietetic DepartmentUniversity Hospital BaselBaselSwitzerland
  3. 3.Intensive CareLogan HospitalMeadowbrookAustralia
  4. 4.Nutrition and Dietetic DepartmentLogan HospitalMeadowbrookAustralia

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