Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Geospatial Metadata

  • Buğra GedikEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_908


Geographical metadata


Geospatial metadata are C a type of metadata used to describe geospatial data. Data described by geospatial metadata relates to objects that have an explicit or implicit geographic extent or position on the surface of the Globe. Geospatial metadata can be used to create metadata catalogues or directories that describe geographic features of data stored in any environment, ranging from data stored in geographic information systems (GIS) to simple documents, datasets, images, or even services. Geospatial metadata captures the basic characteristics of geospatial data and represents the what, the when, the where, and the who of the geospatial data. A typical geospatial metadata record includes catalog elements such as title, abstract, and publication data; geographic elements such as geographic extent and projection information; and database elements such as attribute label definitions and attribute domain values.

Historical Background

The interest...

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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    ANZLIC Metadata Working Group. ANZLIC Metadata Guidelines: Core metadata elements for geographic data in Australia and New Zealand, Version 2. http://www.anzlic.org.au/get/2358011755.
  2. 2.
    Major G, Olsen L. A short history of the DIF. On GCMD website, http://gcmd.nasa.gov/User/difguide/.
  3. 3.
    Metadata Ad Hoc Working Group Federal Geographic Data Committee. FGDC website, http://www.fgdc.gov/metadata/csdgm/.
  4. 4.
    Ordnance – National Mapping Agency of Great Britain. Ordnance Survey Ontologies. Ordnance Website, http://www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/oswebsite/ontology/.
  5. 5.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer EngineeringBilkent UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.IBM T.J. Watson Research CenterHawthorneUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Manfred Jeusfeld
    • 1
  1. 1.IITUniversity of SkövdeSkövdeSweden